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ARTICLE
Year : 1980  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-78

Sub conjunctival cysticercosis


Eve Hospital, Anantapur 515 001, India

Correspondence Address:
G Radhakrishna Murthy
Eye Hospital, Anantpur 515 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 7216352

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How to cite this article:
Murthy G R, Subba Rao A V. Sub conjunctival cysticercosis. Indian J Ophthalmol 1980;28:77-8

How to cite this URL:
Murthy G R, Subba Rao A V. Sub conjunctival cysticercosis. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1980 [cited 2020 Nov 24];28:77-8. Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?1980/28/2/77/28228

Ocular cysticercosis may be extra-ocular, (in the subconjunctival or orbital or other tissues,) or intra-ocular, (in the vitreous, subre­tinal space or anterior chamber). The subre­tinal space appears to be the most favourite site,[1],[2] the subconjunctival tissues being a close second. Subconjunctival cysticercosis is not very uncommon.[3],[4],[5]


  Case reports Top


Four cases of sub-conjunctival cysticercosis were examined and treated during a period of two years [Table 1].

The cysts were globular in shape in three cases and oval in the fourth case, ranging from I cm to 2.5 cm in size. All the four showed transparent thin-walled cyst with a small white area. One of them showed active movement of the scolex soon after removal when kept in normal saline.

None of the cases showed Taenia ova in stool, nor clinical or radiological evidence of cranial or subcutaneous cysticercosis. All the cases showed mild to moderate blood eosino­philia. Three of them were children under 15 while the fourth was aged 23. There was no special predilection for the side as two were in the right eye and two in the left. The visual acuity was normal in the four cases. Three of them were non-vegetarians, but none of them were pork eaters.


  Discussion Top


The commonest site of involvement in ocular cysticercosis is sub-retinal in western countries.[2] In India reports of intra-ocular occurrence is variable.

Nath et al reported a 1.5% incidence of subconjunctival cysticercosis amongst cases of ophthalmic cysticercosis.

These reports point to predominance of intra-ocular involvement in the western countries and in North India, and extra-ocular involvement in South India. The reason for this might be differences in the types of platyhel­minths in the different areas or perhaps due to climatic or environmental factors.[7]'[8]


  Summary Top


Four cases of sub-conjunctival cysticer­cosis during a period of two years are reported.

 
  References Top

1.
Nath, K., Gogi, R., and Gopalkrishna, 1977 Ind. Jour. Ophthalmol, 25, I: 24.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Bartholomew, R.S. 1975 Amer. J. Ophthalmol. 79: 670.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Angra, S.K. and Mohan, M., 1970, Orient. Arch Ophthalmol. 8: 301.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Balakrishnan,E., 1961, Brit. J.Ophthalmol. 45,150.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Bhaskaran, C., Musalappa Reddy, R., Venkatamuni, K., and Venkateswarlu, M., Ind. J. Ophthalmol. 1978, 26, II: 42.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Reddy, P.S. and Satyendran, O M., 1964, Amer. J. Ophthalmol, 57: 664.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Sen, D,K., 1968, Orient. Arch. Ophthalmol. 7:181.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Rao A.V.N., Satyendran, O.M., and Siva Reddy, P., 1967. Orient. Arch. Ophthalmol. 6: 249.  Back to cited text no. 8
    


    Figures

  [Figure - 1], [Figure - 2]



 

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