|Year : 1980 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 77-78
Sub conjunctival cysticercosis
G Radhakrishna Murthy, AV Subba Rao
Eve Hospital, Anantapur 515 001, India
G Radhakrishna Murthy
Eye Hospital, Anantpur 515 001
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Murthy G R, Subba Rao A V. Sub conjunctival cysticercosis. Indian J Ophthalmol 1980;28:77-8
Ocular cysticercosis may be extra-ocular, (in the subconjunctival or orbital or other tissues,) or intra-ocular, (in the vitreous, subretinal space or anterior chamber). The subretinal space appears to be the most favourite site,, the subconjunctival tissues being a close second. Subconjunctival cysticercosis is not very uncommon.,,
| Case reports|| |
Four cases of sub-conjunctival cysticercosis were examined and treated during a period of two years [Table 1].
The cysts were globular in shape in three cases and oval in the fourth case, ranging from I cm to 2.5 cm in size. All the four showed transparent thin-walled cyst with a small white area. One of them showed active movement of the scolex soon after removal when kept in normal saline.
None of the cases showed Taenia ova in stool, nor clinical or radiological evidence of cranial or subcutaneous cysticercosis. All the cases showed mild to moderate blood eosinophilia. Three of them were children under 15 while the fourth was aged 23. There was no special predilection for the side as two were in the right eye and two in the left. The visual acuity was normal in the four cases. Three of them were non-vegetarians, but none of them were pork eaters.
| Discussion|| |
The commonest site of involvement in ocular cysticercosis is sub-retinal in western countries. In India reports of intra-ocular occurrence is variable.
Nath et al reported a 1.5% incidence of subconjunctival cysticercosis amongst cases of ophthalmic cysticercosis.
These reports point to predominance of intra-ocular involvement in the western countries and in North India, and extra-ocular involvement in South India. The reason for this might be differences in the types of platyhelminths in the different areas or perhaps due to climatic or environmental factors.'
| Summary|| |
Four cases of sub-conjunctival cysticercosis during a period of two years are reported.
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[Figure - 1], [Figure - 2]