|Year : 1982 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 241-243
Indigenous drugs and its effect on simple/low refractive errors
C Srinivasulu, V Thakur, PJ Deshpande
Department of Shalya Shalakya and Ophthalmology, Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, India
Institute of Medical Sciences, B.H.U. Varanasi
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:
Srinivasulu C, Thakur V, Deshpande P J. Indigenous drugs and its effect on simple/low refractive errors. Indian J Ophthalmol 1982;30:241-3
The clinical features and principles of management of the various refractive errors described in the modern text books of Ophthalmology were described by Sushruta in his treatise 'Sushruta Samhita'.
Modern Ophthalmologists offer correction of refractive errors by using lenses and the possibility of regression after its treatment by drugs is rather expressed as impossibility. Various workers throughout the globe have studied this problem extensively and postulated many theories but none of the theories have stood the test of the time.
An attempt has been made by the effect of one of such common prescription in early stages of refractive error. While discussing the refractive errors, Sushruta has expressed the possibilities in the absence of involvement of later patalas. The treatment suggested is local and general.
Our clinical study comprises of a new approach and new concept in the treatment of refractive errors. Though the number of cases included in our study is small, the results are quite encouraging and more appreciable. It has yet to be studied further.
| Materials and methods
The cases of early refractive errors were selected from educated young adults attending the outpatients department of Ophthalmology of I.M.S., B.H.U., which caters to the need of the population of nearly 15000 students and staff of the university between the age group of 15 to 25 years. Ophthalmological examination comprised of, assessment of visual acuity uniocularly with the help of Snellens chart. Cover test, pinhole test and subjective correction were performed and the nature of error and their dioptric levels were noted. Retinoscopy was performed using cycloplegic drugs and findings of fundus examination were recorded. After cycloplegic effect was over objective correction was performed on the basis of the retinoscopy readings. The minimum acceptance of the diopters and maximum visual acuity were recorded. In case as the patient was wearing the glasses their Diopters and visual acuity also recorded.
Selection of drug :- Two highly claimed prescriptions were selected from the literature and the preparations were made in the Ayurvedic Pharmacy and department of Shalya Shalakya under a strict supervision of experts. `Y' cap. were prepared by filling up cap. With 250mg of `y' powder. Another drug Saptamrut Lauha was also filled up in the cap. (SL) in the dose of 250 mg placebo with soda bicarb.
Administration of Drug :- The patient after the preliminary investigations, were given either `Y' or S.L. or placebo cap. They were advised to take 1 cap. twice a day along with breakfast or lunch or dinner with 112 tea spoonful of honey. They were given medicine for 15 days and they were asked to report for re-examination every alternate weeks. After 60 days a detailed ophthalmological examination was conducted in each case. The oral administration was stopped after 60 days of continuous administration of medicine and these cases were re-examined again after I month interval upto 120 days when detailed ophthalmological examination was repeated.
Each group of cap. were of different colours for proper identification.
| Observations and discussion
All the cases were divided into three major groups of refractive errors-Myopia, Hypermetropia and Astigmatism. The cases under each group were further classified on the basis of the degree of refractive errors in three or four groups for comparison of the results. The observations in each group at the end of 60 and 120 days are being shown in the tabular form.
Unusual Symptoms :- were observed in 5 cases. Unusual symptoms in Y cap. group, they are gastric irritation. Slight ocular pain and flatulence.
Out of 50 cases, 25 cases were studied with Y capsule. All 2-5 cases irrespective of their nature of error, have shown good response in the reduction of dioptres and enhancing of the visual acuity.
19 cases under SL group were studied, Maximum effect showed in hypermtropia, moderate effect on Myopia and poor on astigmatism.
6 cases studied under placebo, only 2 cases showed reduction + or -0.15 dioptres but the visual acuity remains the same.
[Table - 1], [Table - 2], [Table - 3], [Table - 4], [Table - 5], [Table - 6], [Table - 7]