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Year : 1982  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 475-476

Malignant tumours of the eye

Department of Ophthalmology & Pathology Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, India

Correspondence Address:
S C Reddy
Deptt. of Ophthalmology, Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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How to cite this article:
Reddy S C, Ramakrishna Rao C, Ramana Rao V V, Banerjea S. Malignant tumours of the eye. Indian J Ophthalmol 1982;30:475-6

How to cite this URL:
Reddy S C, Ramakrishna Rao C, Ramana Rao V V, Banerjea S. Malignant tumours of the eye. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1982 [cited 2021 Sep 22];30:475-6. Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?1982/30/5/475/29234

table 1

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table 1

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This paper deals with an analysis of malignant tumours of different parts of the eye seen in the attached teaching Government General Hospital, Kakinada, over a pet iod of twenty years from August, 1960 to July, 1980.

  Observations and discussion Top

Out of 105 cases studied, majority of the tumours were found in the eye lids (50.48%) and only one in the ciliary body; The distribution being as follows :- Eye lids­53, conjunctiva -15, Retina -27, Lacrimal gland -3, orbit -6 and ciliary body -I. Males were affected more often than females, and the ratio was 3:2.

The age of patients ranged between 3 months to and 60 years with maximum incidence in fifth decade (mostly lid tumours) followed by first (retinal tumour) decade.

All the tumours were unilateral except in one case of retinoblastoma, where the other eye was already enucleated. There was not much significant difference in the involve­ment of right eye or left eye. Out of 53 lid tumours, 28 were from upper lid, 23 from lower lid and 2 from outer canthus extending towards lower lid. Majority of the conjunc­tival tumours (12 out of 15 cases) were seen around the limbus. Squamous cell carcinoma was predominant among gland the tumours of eye lids, conjunctiva, lacrimal and orbital tissues. Some of the rare tumours were seen in solitary cases.

The order of frequency of the different types of tumours as determined histologically were as under (See [Table - 1]).

  Summary Top

In a retrospective study of 105 cases of malignant ocular tumours, over a period of twenty years, the commonest site was found to be eye lids (50.48%), followed by retina (25.71%). Male to female ratio was 3:2. The age range was between 3 months and 60 years with maximum incidence in fifth decade followed by first decade. The com­monest tumour observed was squamous cell carcinoma (31.43%), followed by retino­blastoma. Rare tumours like diktyoma, sweat gland adenocarcinoma, haemanigiopericytoma of eye lid, malignant histocytoma of conjunctiva and reticulum cell sarcoma of orbit were seen as solitary cases.


  [Table - 1]


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