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Year : 1989  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171-172

Pattern of paediatric ocular problems in North India

2-Shahmina Road, Lucknow - 226 003, U.P., India

Correspondence Address:
V B Pratap
2-Shahmina Road, Lucknow - 226 003, U.P.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 2638303

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In this study, 3,490 children were examined to know the pattern of ocular problems in children in this part of the country. It showed that heritable diseases were quite prevalent, i.e., 41.49%. In this group refractive error, nasolacrimal duct block, and primary squint were most common, while in the non-heritable group various types of conjunctivitis, trauma, foreign bodies, blepharitis and nutritional diseases were most prevalent.

How to cite this article:
Pratap V B, Lal H B. Pattern of paediatric ocular problems in North India. Indian J Ophthalmol 1989;37:171-2

How to cite this URL:
Pratap V B, Lal H B. Pattern of paediatric ocular problems in North India. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1989 [cited 2023 Dec 10];37:171-2. Available from: https://journals.lww.com/ijo/pages/default.aspx/text.asp?1989/37/4/171/26056

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  Introduction Top

Review of literature does not reveal any study like prevalance or pattern of spectrum of ocular problems in childhood specially in our country. Prevalance and spectrum of ocular problems not only vary from country to country but also from region to region in the same country. It may be due to environmental, climatic, racial, socio-economic and literacy factors. In this study we are presenting the pattern of paediatric ocular problems on the basis of studies conducted in all the 3490 children who attended our children's eye care centre in the last 18 months.

  Materials and methods Top

All the 3490 children who attended our children's eye care centre were subjected to detailed history, ocular and systemic examination. Family history and pedigree was also recorded where ever it was possible.

  Observations Top

All the 3490 cases were divided into two groups:

  Discussion Top

Our study showed that heritable diseases which were quite prevalent (41.49%) not only in this part but also in other part of the world, i.e. England and Wales 50%, Canada 62% and Russia 22% only one study by Kapoor and Kapoor (1977) [2], from Pondicherry (South India) has shown the prevalence of blindness due to heritable diseases.

Acute conjunctivitis, trauma, corneal lesion and foreign body were the main problems in non-heritable group. This appeared mainly in low income group children possibly due to poor hygienic and illiteracy, while in the heritable group, refractive error, non-canalisation of the lacrymal duct and primary squint were the main prob­lems.

  References Top

Sorsby. A. "The incidence and causes of blindess" Brit. J. Ophthal., Suppl.,14,1950.  Back to cited text no. 1
Kapoor S and Kapoor M (1977), Congenital Ocular Anamolies in Pondicherry. J. Paediatric Ophthal., 14 (6): 382-9, Nov. - Dec., 1977.  Back to cited text no. 2


  [Table - 1], [Table - 2]

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