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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-34

Transthyretin (prealbumin) in eye structures and variation of vitreous-transthyretin in diseases

Biochemistry Research Department, Vision Research Foundation, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
S Ramakrishnan
Vision Research Foundation, 18 College Road, Chennai - 600 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 16130282

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Purpose: To evaluate the presence of transthyretin (TTR, prealbumin) a protein which binds retinol to retinol-binding protein in various ocular tissues and to study its quantitative changes in the vitreous humor in various diseases Method: Estimation of TTR was done by electrophoresis of 10 mg protein in each sample of tears, aqueous humor, vitreous, retina, and lens by an Imaging Densitometer using prealbumin as the standard. Results: TTR was present in all the eye structures except the lens and tear. The retina and the vitreous had relatively higher amounts of TTR compared with aqueous. The identity of TTR was confirmed by immuno-electrophoresis using anti-human TTR. Two bands in SDS electrophoresis revealed that this protein is a heterodimer. There was a significant decrease in vitreous TTR in diabetes with hypertension and increase in one case each of diabetes with hypertension associated with leukaemia or carcinoma with hepato-splenomegaly. Conclusion: Vitreous TTR is probably from retina and retinal pigment epithelium. The level of vitreous TTR is likely to have diagnostic significance in some retinal diseases.

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