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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83-96

Current approaches to diagnosis and management of ocular lesions in human immunodeficiency virus positive patients

Medical and Vision Research Foundations, Sankara Nethralaya, 18, College Road, Chennai-600 006, India

Correspondence Address:
J Biswas
Medical and Vision Research Foundations, Sankara Nethralaya, 18, College Road, Chennai-600 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 12194584

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Human immunovirus infection in India is rapidly increasing. Ocular lesions due to highly active antiretroviral therapy have been well recognized. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome can affect all parts of the eye. However, posterior segment lesions are the most common and of these, Human immunodeficiency virus retinopathy and cytomegalovirus retinitis predominate. Often clinical examination can establish the diagnosis of many ocular lesions in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; therefore, ophthalmologists need to be aware of the more common ones. Various drugs in different routes can used to treat cytomegalovirus retinitis. Highly active antiretroviral therapy has remarkably reduced systemic and ocular morbidity among acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients. To facilitate care of these patients aseptic precautions for ophthalmic care personnel are now well established and therefore ophthalmologist should not hesitate to provide ophthalmic care to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients.

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