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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 115-118

Risk factors for intraocular pressure rise following phacoemulsification

Department of Ophthalmology, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Muge Coban-Karatas
Department of Ophthalmology, Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine Teaching and Research Center, Dadaloglu Mah. 39 sk. No: 6 Yüregir, Adana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.99997

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Purpose: This study was designed to analyze the risk factors resulting in high intraocular pressure (IOP), which was accepted as IOP higher than 22 mmHg, following uncomplicated phacoemulsification. Materials and Methods: The records of 812 eyes of 584 patients who underwent uncomplicated phacoemulsification were evaluated. There were 330 men and 254 women ranging between the age of 26 and 89 years (65.4 ± 9.8 years). The preoperative, postoperative first day (day 1), first week (day 7), and first month (day 30) IOP values were analyzed. Data on history of diabetes, glaucoma, pseudoexfoliation (PXF), incision site, capsular staining with trypan blue, and surgeon were recorded. A multinomial regression analysis was performed to analyse the relationship of the factors with postoperative high IOP. Results: The mean IOP was 15.6 ± 4.3 mmHg preoperatively. Postoperatively that were changed to 19.7 ± 9.0 mmHg at day 1, 12.7 ± 4.5 mmHg at day 7, and 12.8 ± 3.7 mmHg at day 30. The factors such as surgeon, presence of PXF, diabetes, surgical incision site, and trypan blue were not related to the postoperative high IOP (P > 0.05, in all). The only factor that related to high IOP at all visits was glaucoma (P < 0.005). Conclusion: According to our results, preoperative diagnosis of glaucoma seems to be the only factor to affect the postoperative IOP higher than 22 mmHg.

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