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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 284-286

Retinal sensitivity in healthy Indians using microperimeter

Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajiv Raman
Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, 18, College Road, Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.111211

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Aims: To establish the retinal sensitivity values in healthy Indians using microperimeter. Materials and Methods: In this prospective study, 144 healthy volunteers were included. All the participants underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination including contrast sensitivity. Microperimetry was performed in the central 20° of the macula using 76 stimulus points to assess the retinal sensitivity, and the fixation characteristics in the study population were assessed. Results: The mean age of the study sample was 43.08 ± 10.85 years (range: 25-69). Mean retinal sensitivity was 18.26 ± 0.99 dB. Males had significantly increased retinal sensitivity (18.34 vs. 18.17 dB, P = 0.03). The linear regression analysis revealed a 0.04 dB per year age-related decline in mean retinal sensitivity. Contrast sensitivity was significantly correlated with the mean retinal sensitivity (r = 0.432, P < 0.001). Fixation stability in the central 2° and 4° were 69% and 89%, respectively. Conclusion: Microperimeter is an ideal tool to assess the retinal sensitivity and the fixation behavior. These normative values could help in drawing a meaningful conclusion in various retinal pathologies.

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