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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 825-831

Epidemiology and clinical characteristics of patients with glaucoma: An analysis of hospital data between 2003 and 2012

1 Nursing Faculty, Tianjin Medical College, Tianjin, China
2 School of Nursing, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China

Correspondence Address:
Feng-Lan Lou
School of Nursing, Shandong University, No. 44, Wenhuaxi Road, Jinan, Shandong
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.171963

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Purpose: To assess demographic and clinical characteristics of glaucoma patients in an Ophthalmologic Hospital of Jinan, China from 2003 to 2012. Materials and Methods: Medical charts of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), and secondary glaucoma (SG) were reviewed. The main outcome measures of patients with glaucoma included basic demographic data (age at presentation, gender, and residence), clinical characteristics (admission date, intraocular pressure, and naked vision), and previous history (injury, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, and alcohol consumption). Results: Data from 1458 glaucoma patients were reviewed, of which PACG and SG patients accounted for 45.40% and 47.19%, respectively. The average age of all patients with glaucoma increased from 56.05 years in 2003 to 57.83 years in 2012, and the proportion of patients from rural areas rose from 46.43% to 59.13% during 10-year period. Female gender, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension were associated with PACG. POAG was related to smoking and alcohol consumption. There was positive correlation between SG and history of injury and diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: PACG and SG are the major types of glaucoma. Gender, injury, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, smoking, and alcohol consumption were associated with different types of glaucoma.

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