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PHOTO ESSAY
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 165-166

Missed punctal foreign body: A cause for chronic ocular irritation


Department of Ophthalmology, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Mawdiangdiang, Shillong, Meghalaya, India

Date of Submission30-Nov-2015
Date of Acceptance02-Dec-2016
Date of Web Publication24-Mar-2017

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Wakaru Shullai
Department of Ophthalmology, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Mawdiangdiang, Shillong - 793 018, Meghalaya
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_950_15

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  Abstract 


Keywords: Chronic, metallic foreign body, missed punctal foreign body, ocular irritation


How to cite this article:
Natung T, Shullai W, Goswami P K. Missed punctal foreign body: A cause for chronic ocular irritation. Indian J Ophthalmol 2017;65:165-6

How to cite this URL:
Natung T, Shullai W, Goswami P K. Missed punctal foreign body: A cause for chronic ocular irritation. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Oct 31];65:165-6. Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2017/65/2/165/202875


  Case Reports Top


Case 1

A 48-year-old male, financial advisor by occupation, presented with swelling of eyelids, redness, foreign body (FB) sensation, and watering of the right eye for 2 weeks. He gave history of consulting two ophthalmologists but did not get relief. There was no history of any trauma or surgery. He gave a history of cooking in his kitchen the previous night of the onset of symptoms. On examination, there was preseptal cellulitis of the right upper lid with conjunctival congestion [Figure 1]. Under the slit lamp, a small FB was seen protruding out from the right upper punctum [Figure 2]. The FB (metallic) was removed [Figure 3], and the patient was given topical antibiotic-steroid combination, lubricant, and systemic anti-inflammatory medications. All the symptoms subsided subsequently over a few days.
Figure 1: Clinical photo showing preseptal cellulitis of the right eye (Case 1)

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Figure 2: Slit lamp image of the right eye with a foreign body in the upper punctum and conjunctival injection (Case 1)

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Figure 3: Slit-lamp image showing a shiny foreign body after removal from the upper punctum. On closer inspection, the foreign body was found to be a metallic foreign body (Case 1)

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Case 2

A 35-year-old male, office clerk by occupation, presented with FB sensation, redness, and watering of the left eye for 1 week. He had consulted an ophthalmologist, but the symptoms persisted. There was no history of trauma or surgery. He gave a history of working in his garden the previous evening of the onset of symptoms. On examination, there was conjunctival congestion with a FB (metallic) in the left upper punctum [Figure 4]. It was removed [Figure 5]. Topical antibiotic and artificial tears were prescribed. The symptoms subsided over a few days.
Figure 4: Slit-lamp image of the left eye with a foreign body in the upper punctum and conjunctival injection (Case 2)

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Figure 5: Slit-lamp image showing a shiny foreign body after removal. On closer inspection, the foreign body was found to be a metallic foreign body (Case 2)

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  Discussion Top


Eyelashes have been known to get lodged in the lacrimal puncta,  Meibomian gland More Details orifices, and subconjunctival space.[1],[2],[3],[4],[5] A punctual FB can cause secondary ocular inflammation.[4] Eyelashes are reported to enter the upper punctum three times more frequently than the lower punctum.[5]

A FB in the punctum can be missed easily and can lead to unnecessary delay in proper treatment leading to chronic ocular irritation to the patients, which happened in our cases. Therefore, our cases highlight the importance of careful history taking of patients working in certain environments where FB entry is likely and thorough slit lamp examination with eversion of the lids to prevent misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. Protective glasses are advised for these people.

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report wherein metallic FBs are reported to be missed punctual foreign bodies causing chronic ocular irritation to the patients.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
  References Top

1.
Gutteridge IF. Curious cilia cases. Clin Exp Optom 2002;85:306-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Agrawal S, Agrawal J, Agrawal TP. Cilium as a foreign body in the meibomian gland opening. J Cataract Refract Surg 2003;29:1047.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Mimura T, Nakashizuka T, Kami J, Kohmura M, Sato S, Dou K, et al. Asymptomatic subconjunctival entrapment of a cilium. Int Ophthalmol 2011;31:325-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Hirsh DR, Miller ER, Grace H. Ocular inflammation secondary to a punctal foreign body. Arch Ophthalmol 1996;114:625.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Nagashima K, Kido R. Relative roles of upper and lower lacrimal canaliculi in normal tear drainage. Jpn J Ophthalmol 1984;28:259-62.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5]



 

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