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   Table of Contents      
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1654-1655

Intraoperative optical coherence tomography-guided scleral suture passage while performing surgery on extraocular muscles


Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Date of Web Publication25-Oct-2018

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amar Pujari
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Room No 212, Second Floor, RPC-1, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_769_18

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How to cite this article:
Pujari A, Sharma P, Phuljhele S, Kapoor S, Chawla R, Saxena R, Sharma N. Intraoperative optical coherence tomography-guided scleral suture passage while performing surgery on extraocular muscles. Indian J Ophthalmol 2018;66:1654-5

How to cite this URL:
Pujari A, Sharma P, Phuljhele S, Kapoor S, Chawla R, Saxena R, Sharma N. Intraoperative optical coherence tomography-guided scleral suture passage while performing surgery on extraocular muscles. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Oct 20];66:1654-5. Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2018/66/11/1654/244077



Sir,

Microscope-integrated intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT, 2 mm depth penetration) helps in achieving the optimal results by providing the real-time images of tissue manipulation during the surgery. The iOCT is of great value while performing lamellar corneal surgeries, cataract surgeries, and intraocular lens implantation surgery.[1],[2] It has also been noted to provide an advantage during placement of the glaucoma drainage devices in cadaveric eyes and needling of the blebs.[3],[4] Pasricha et al. described the four-dimensional visualizations of the muscle and the scleral wound while passing the scleral sutures.[5]

A 45-year-old male patient with alternate divergent squint (6/6 vision with no refractive error) was planned squint surgery under peribulbar anesthesia. After passing the sutures and disinserting the rectus muscle, the iOCT was focused at the desired distance to image the bare sclera.

A 6-0 polyglactin suture was passed as is done routinely, and at the same time, the images were captured using the iOCT [Figure 1]a. Following the passage of the needle, it was left in situ and an assessment of the depth of the penetration of the needle was made again [Figure 2]a. On both the occasions, the needle path was clearly appreciated. The scleral tissue (yellow arrows) above the needle was clearly visualized along both the horizontal and the vertical scans and by comparing with the adjacent normal thickness (white arrows) of the sclera and choroid (upper hyper-reflective layer indicates sclera and below is the choroid) and the amount of the tissue below the needle; the exact depth of the penetration of the needle was discerned [Figure 1]b and [Figure 2]b. However, the needle did show variable hyper-reflectivity leading to the obstruction of the view of the deeper tissue.
Figure 1: (a and b) Intraoperatively during the passage of scleral sutures, the vertical and horizontal scans revealing the needle track as the scleral tissue above the needle (yellow arrows) can be appreciated definitely, whereas the scleral tissue below the needle is shadowed by the needle. The whole sclero-choroidal tissue is indicated by white arrows and the scleral tissue is indicated by the red arrows

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Figure 2: (a and b) After passing the needle, the amount of scleral tissue lifted by the needle can be observed along the horizontal and vertical scans (yellow arrows). The whole sclero-choroidal tissue is indicated by white arrows and the scleral tissue is indicated by the red arrows

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To conclude, there is a limited knowledge on the utility of iOCT while performing surgeries on scleral tissue. Thus, iOCT-guided scleral suture passage during strabismus and other retinal detachment surgeries helps in avoiding any vision endangering complications. However, due to the high expense of the equipment, this facility may not be available at all centers and this may be a limitation.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Shazly TA, To LK, Conner IP, Espandar L. Intraoperative optical coherence tomography-assisted descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty for anterior chamber fibrous ingrowth. Cornea 2017;36:757-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Titiyal JS, Kaur M, Falera R. Intraoperative optical coherence tomography in anterior segment surgeries. Indian J Ophthalmol 2017;65:116-21.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
3.
Swaminathan SS, Chang TC. Use of intraoperative optical coherence tomography for tube positioning in glaucoma surgery. JAMA Ophthalmol 2017;135:1438-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Dada T, Angmo D, Midha N, Sidhu T. Intraoperative optical coherence tomography guided bleb needling. J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2016;11:452-4.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
5.
Pasricha ND, Bhullar PK, Shieh C, Carrasco-Zevallos OM, Keller B, Izatt JA, et al. Four-dimensional microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography to visualize suture depth in strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2017;54:e1-5.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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