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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 909-915

Novel techniques in scleral buckling


Department of Vitreo-Retina and Ocular Oncology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
P Mahesh Shanmugam
Department of Vitreo-Retina and Ocular Oncology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Varthur Road, Kundalahalli Gate, Bengaluru - 560 037, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_136_18

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Scleral buckling is a surgical technique that is employed successfully to treat rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD) for more than 60 years. With the introduction of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), there is a growing trend towards the use of PPV for treatment of retinal detachment. There is a reluctance to perform scleral buckling (SB) in RRD due to the perceived steep learning curve, declining mastery over indirect ophthalmoscopy, and poor ergonomics associated with SB. In this article, we discuss the surgical challenges and tips to overcome these in four headings: localization of the break, retinopexy, SB, and subretinal fluid (SRF) drainage. Localization of the break can be performed by the use of forceps or illuminated scleral depressor. It can be facilitated by prior drainage of SRF in cases with bullous RRD. Chandelier with wide-angle viewing system can be used for easier localization of break and cryopexy. Sutureless buckling and suprachoroidal buckling are easier and faster alternatives to the conventional technique. Reshaping the silicone segment helps in accommodating the wider circumferential band. Modified needle drainage, laser choroidotomy, and infusion-assisted drainage can make SRF drainage easier and safer. The above techniques and other practical tips have been explained in detail with the illustrations to make the process of learning the art of SB easier.


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