|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 10 | Page : 2322-2323
Are we treating the effect and neglecting the cause of keratoconus?
Lakshey Dudeja1, Ishani Dudeja2
1 Associate Consultant, Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgeon, Centre for Sight, New Delhi, India
2 Consultant, Drishti Eye and Laser Centre, New Delhi, India
|Date of Web Publication||23-Sep-2020|
Dr. Lakshey Dudeja
Flat Number 14, Pragathisheel Apartment, Sector 9, Pocket 39, Rohini, New Delhi - 110 085
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Dudeja L, Dudeja I. Are we treating the effect and neglecting the cause of keratoconus?. Indian J Ophthalmol 2020;68:2322-3
Are we really treating keratoconus correctly? What are the implications of the new concepts about our understanding of the disease?
Keratoconus is the most common primary ectasia usually occurring in the second decade of life. Early forms may go unnoticed but progressive forms can cause decrease in visual acuity not correctable with glasses.
It is suggested that Bowman's membrane might be the strongest biomechanical element of the human cornea followed by the anterior third of the corneal stroma. New reports of Bowman's layer transplantation have shown evidence of reducing progression in cases with advanced keratoconus and have also shown to decrease keratometry values of bent cornea due to high tensile strength of the transplanted layer.,
I wonder if keratoconus is a pathology of Bowman's layer and bending of corneal stroma is secondary to this pathology. Are we treating the effect of the disease and ignoring the cause? Corneal collagen cross-linkage with riboflavin increases cross-linkage in stroma and prevents it from further bending. Should our treatment be focused on corneal stroma or Bowman's layer?
This challenges even the diagnostic tools, which focus only on corneal topography. There are evidences of breaks in Bowman's layer in cases of keratoconus. This highlights the need to shift our diagnostic strategy looking at other layers of cornea, rather than just looking at the final topographic changes.
These made me think of another potential usefulness of this concept. Although most important factor deciding post-refractive surgery ectasia is residual stromal bed thickness, minimal alteration of Bowman's membrane in procedure such as SMILE can be an added advantage of this new emerging procedure.
I wanted to share my thoughts as I am still trying to figure out where exactly we stand in our understanding of “keratoconus.”
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
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