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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 2404-2407

Surface quality and endothelial cell viability after femtosecond laser-assisted donor lenticule preparation for endothelial keratoplasty - An in-vitro study


1 Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgery Services, Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jeewan S Titiyal
Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgery Services, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_99_20

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Purpose: To compare surface quality and endothelial cell viability of descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) donor lenticules prepared with femtosecond laser (FSL) or microkeratome (MK). Methods: Experimental ex-vivo evaluation of 15 DSAEK donor lenticules prepared from optical quality donor corneas using 200 KHz FSL (9 eyes) or MK (6 eyes). Surface quality and smoothness of the cut were assessed using atomic force microscopy and endothelial cell viability was assessed using transmission electron microscopy. Results: Mean lenticule thickness was 121.89 ± 17.13 μm in FSL group and 112.67 ± 5.89 μm in MK group (P = 0.33). Average roughness of stromal surface (RMSavg) [FSL- 30.51 ± 4.55 nm, MK-22.37 ± 1.83 nm; P = 0.02] and root mean square roughness (RMSrough) [FSL-31.39 ± 5.75 nm, MK-23.08 ± 0.40 nm; P = 0.012] was significantly more in FSL group. Increased granular and linear irregularities were observed in the FSL group. Endothelial cell disruption was more in FSL group (FSL- 29.49 ± 6.91% MK-13.28 ± 3.62%; P < 0.001) with decreased mean nucleus length (FSL-5.56 ± 0.17 μm, MK-7.52 ± 0.65 μm; P < 0.001). Conclusion: Automated MKs are still the standard of care for donor lenticule preparation and MK-assisted donor lenticules have smoother surface with less endothelial cell disruption than FSL. Further research is mandatory before FSL platforms can be considered a viable alternative to the MK.


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