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OPHTHALMIC IMAGE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 215

X-linked retinoschisis


Department of Vitreo-Retina, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Date of Web Publication19-Dec-2019

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Devashish Dubey
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1521_19

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How to cite this article:
Dubey D, Azad SV. X-linked retinoschisis. Indian J Ophthalmol 2020;68:215

How to cite this URL:
Dubey D, Azad SV. X-linked retinoschisis. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Oct 29];68:215. Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2020/68/1/215/273201



A 36-year-old male presented with progressive diminution of vision in both eyes since childhood. On fundus examination, radiating striae with stellate cystoid changes at the macula giving the characteristic spoke-wheel appearance along with inferotemporal peripheral retinoschisis was present bilaterally [Figure 1]a and [Figure 1]b. Optical coherence tomography showed presence of intraretinal schitic cysts localized in the outer plexiform and inner nuclear layers [Figure 1]c and [Figure 1]d.
Figure 1: Ultra-wide field fundus photograph showing radiating striae with cystoid changes at the macula giving the characteristic “spoke-wheel appearance” along with inferotemporal peripheral retinoschisis cavities (a and b). OCT Picture showing the presence of intraretinal hyporeflective spaces along with linear bridging columns, involving the outer plexiform layer and inner nuclear layer (c and d)

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X-linked retinoschisis is characterized by formation of microcystic cavities and cell-to-cell adhesion loss leading to formation of schisis not only at the macula but also in peripheral retina.[1] About 49% of cases also have peripheral retinal schisis.[2]

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
George ND, Yates JR, Bradshaw K, Moore AT. Infantile presentation of X linked retinoschisis. Br J Ophthalmol 1995;79:653-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Pimenides D, George ND, Yates JR, Bradshaw K, Roberts SA, Moore AT, et al. X-linked retinoschisis: Clinical phenotype and RS1 genotype in 86 UK patients. J Med Genet 2005;42:e35.  Back to cited text no. 2
    


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