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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 518-519

Apparent double macular hole caused by vitreomacular traction

Department of Vitreo-Retinal Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission18-Jun-2019
Date of Acceptance12-Sep-2019
Date of Web Publication14-Feb-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Piyush Kohli
Department of Vitreo-Retinal Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai - - 625 020, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_886_19

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Keywords: Color photo, double macular hole, microperimetry, red-free image, vitreomacular traction

How to cite this article:
Babu N, Kumar K, Kohli P, Ramasamy K. Apparent double macular hole caused by vitreomacular traction. Indian J Ophthalmol 2020;68:518-9

How to cite this URL:
Babu N, Kumar K, Kohli P, Ramasamy K. Apparent double macular hole caused by vitreomacular traction. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 20];68:518-9. Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2020/68/3/518/278374

A 60-year-old female presented with decreased vision in right eye for 3 months. Her best-corrected visual acuity in right eye was 20/200 and 20/20 in left eye. Both her eyes were pseudophakic. Posterior segment examination of right eye showed two vertically oriented full-thickness macular holes (FTMH) with a bridging retinal tissue in between them. The superior hole was larger in size and temporal in location compared to the inferior one. The combined vertical base diameter, assuming both to be a single macular hole, was 1997 μm [Figure 1].
Figure 1: (a) Color photo showing two vertically oriented macular holes separated by a bridging retinal tissue, (b) red-free image showing the double macular hole, (c) intraoperative photograph before the start of internal limiting membrane peeling

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Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed persistent vitreomacular adherence causing significant traction and two vertically oriented FTMH separated by a bridging strip of retinal tissue [Figure 2]. Microperimetry showed poor sensitivity in the region of the two holes, but moderate sensitivity in the area of bridging strip of retinal tissue between the two holes [Figure 3].
Figure 2: (a-d) Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-horizontal line scans through macula showing (a) neurosensory detachment and vitreomacular traction, (b) superior full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) with base diameter (BD) of 1769 μm, (c) bridging retinal tissue, (d) inferior FTMH with BD of 1612 μm; (e and f) OCT-vertical line scans (from below upward) through macula showing (e) inferior hole (triangle on left), bridging retinal tissue in between (circle) and superior hole (triangle on right), and (f) inferior bridging tissue (circle) and superior hole (triangle)

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Figure 3: Sensitivity map of microperimetry showing some sensitivity in the area of bridging strip of retinal tissue between the two holes

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The patient underwent conventional macular hole surgery, i.e., 25G pars plana vitrectomy, posterior vitreous detachment induction, internal limiting membrane peeling around the holes, and gas tamponade. Following surgery, type-1 closure was achieved [Figure 4]. However, there was no improvement in vision.
Figure 4: Horizontal line scans of optical coherence tomography through macula showing Type 1 closure passing through the region of pre-operative (a) superior macular hole, (b) bridging retinal tissue, and (c) inferior macular hole

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  Discussion Top

Apparent double macular hole is a rare entity, with only one de novo case reported previously, i.e., by Cheng et al. in 2000. They reported a female who had two holes, which later coalesced into a single large MH after a period of 10 weeks.[1] Peiretti et al. reported a case of “apparent” double macular hole, where one partial-thickness MH along with one FTMH gave the appearance double macular hole.[2] Li et al. and Khuranareported one case each, where double macular hole developed after vitrectomy for vitreomacular traction (VMT) syndrome and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, respectively.[3],[4]

Cheng et al. hypothesized that the apparent double macular hole can develop due to uneven traction at the various points of focal attachments in the region of foveal and perifoveal region.[1] The OCT images in our case show such a vitreomacular adherence causing significant traction, resulting in two macular holes.

We report a rare case of apparent double FTMH caused by VMT. We also report the microperimetry in such a case, which has not been documented earlier to the best of our knowledge.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Cheng AC, Kwok AK, Bhende P, Lam DS. A case of double idiopathic macular holes. Retina 2000;20:576-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
Peiretti E, Fisher Y, Spaide RF, Goldberg D. Optical coherence tomography in a case of apparent double macular holes. Retina 2005;25:1113-5.  Back to cited text no. 2
Li KK, Lai JS, Wong D. Double macular hole in vitreomacular traction syndrome. Retina 2007;27:648-50.  Back to cited text no. 3
Khurana RN. Double macular hole. Ophthalmol Retina 2018;2:305.  Back to cited text no. 4


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]


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