• Users Online: 1156
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page

   Table of Contents      
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 1709-1710

Digital eye strain in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: An emerging public health threat


1 Department of Community Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
2 Demonstrator, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir, India
3 Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Date of Web Publication24-Jul-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sudip Bhattacharya
Department of Community Medicine, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun, Uttarakhand
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1782_20

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Bhattacharya S, Saleem SM, Singh A. Digital eye strain in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: An emerging public health threat. Indian J Ophthalmol 2020;68:1709-10

How to cite this URL:
Bhattacharya S, Saleem SM, Singh A. Digital eye strain in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: An emerging public health threat. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2023 Feb 3];68:1709-10. Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2020/68/8/1709/290398



Dear Editor:

The mandatory e-learning has emerged as a method for current teaching and learning in private universities and schools with the footfall of the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic.[1] Without any specific guidelines, it is now a usual routine for our children to spend most of the time (8–12 h per day) attending e-classes in front of a computer or mobile screens. These devices cause harm by emitting short high energy waves that can penetrate eyes and can eventually contribute to photochemical damage to the retinal cells, making an individual vulnerable to a variety of eye problems ranging from dry eye to age-related macular degeneration. It is collectively known as digital eye strain (DES) or computer vision syndrome.[2]

DES is an emerging public health threat and it is directly proportional to the duration of digital screen exposure. The age group that is the most at-risk is children and we assume that their diagnosis could get delayed as children may not complain at the earliest like adults.[3]

In the modern era, the use of digital screens is quite common for our children. Besides, the instigation of unlimited e-classes for such children has rested overt burden on their already overburdened eyes. And this way unknowingly, we are pushing a cohort of children into a higher risk of DES due to the current trend of unregulated e-learning.

The prevalence of DES in the community ranges from 22.3% to 39.8%.[4] DES can be evaluated by subjective methods and objective methods. It is commonly managed by non-pharmacologically and pharmacologically; non-pharmacological management includes correct ergonomic practices, maintaining normal blinking, the use of appropriate lighting, careful positioning of the digital device, adjusting image parameters (resolution, text size, contrast, luminance), and taking breaks, while pharmacological management strategies include using artificial tears.[4] However, it is always better to prevent the current incidences of DES than to manage it.

We assume that it is the high time now for the policymakers to come up with a stringent guideline to deal with this emerging threat.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Coronavirus: UGC constitutes committee for promoting online learning - education - Hindustan Times [Internet]. [Last cited on 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/coronavirus-ugc-constitutes-committee-for-promoting- online-learning/story-oSNW1tzVwZUvQUaQqHYf7N.html.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Madhan MRR. Computer vision syndrome. Nurs J India 2009;100:236-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Are Electronic Devices Affecting My Vision? - Your Sight Matters [Internet]. [Last cited on 2020 May 30]. Available from: https://yoursightmatters.com/are-electronic-devices-affecting-my-vision/.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Sheppard AL, Wolffsohn JS. Digital eye strain: Prevalence, measurement and amelioration. BMJ Open Ophthalmol. 2018;3:e000146.  Back to cited text no. 4
    



This article has been cited by
1 MINORITY EDUCATION DURING THE PANDEMIC: THE CASE OF THE SLOVENE MINORITY IN ITALY
Daniel DOZ, Tina STEMBERGER
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education. 2023; 24(1): 109
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
2 Student workload assessment for online learning: An empirical analysis during Covid-19
Karingada Kochu Therisa Beena, Michael Sony, Marco Castellani
Cogent Engineering. 2022; 9(1)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
3 Effects of remote learning during the COVID-19 lockdown on children’s visual health: a systematic review
María Camila Cortés-Albornoz, Sofía Ramírez-Guerrero, William Rojas-Carabali, Alejandra de-la-Torre, Claudia Talero-Gutiérrez
BMJ Open. 2022; 12(8): e062388
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
4 Self-Reported Student Awareness and Prevalence of Computer Vision Syndrome During COVID-19 Pandemic at Al-Baha University
Saleha K Alatawi, Kareem Allinjawi, Khaled Alzahrani, Naglaa K Hussien, Mahadi Bashir, Eman N Ramadan
Clinical Optometry. 2022; Volume 14: 159
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
5 Digital Eye Strain Caused by Online Education Among Children in Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study
Abdulrhman Aldukhayel , Samah M Baqar, Fatimah K Almeathem, Fatimah S Alsultan, Ghadah A AlHarbi
Cureus. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
6 The Effect of Online Education on Healthy Eyes of Saudi Teachers in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Local Study
Saif K Dossari, Rahaf AlZahrani, Halal Alutaibi, Bayan Al Shuhayb, Tamim Alsultan , Hanan A Albenayyan, Bashayer F Al Furaikh
Cureus. 2022;
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
7 The Relationship Between Dry Eye Disease and Digital Screen Use
Zaina Al-Mohtaseb, Scott Schachter, Bridgitte Shen Lee, Jaclyn Garlich, William Trattler
Clinical Ophthalmology. 2021; Volume 15: 3811
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
8 IMPACT OF INCREASED USAGE OF ELECTRONIC GADGETS ON VISION, SLEEP, HEARING AND EMOTIONAL ASPECTS DURING COVID-19 ERA
Veena P S, Naveena Manu, P Gopika, Arsu Arsu, Remya S, Greeshma C Ravindran
INDIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH. 2021; : 34
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
9 Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Patterns Related to Digital Eye Strain Among Parents of Children Attending Online Classes in the COVID-19 Era: A Cross-sectional Study
Kirandeep Kaur, Veena Kannusamy, Bharat Gurnani, Fredrick Mouttapa, Logesh Balakrishnan
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus. 2021; : 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
10 COVID-19 safety guidelines for school eye health screening programs
WinstonD Prakash, RohitC Khanna
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2021; 69(9): 2511
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
11 Lifestyle modification in school-going children before and after COVID-19 lockdown
Rohit Saxena, Vivek Gupta, Vaishali Rakheja, Rebika Dhiman, Amit Bhardawaj, Praveen Vashist
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2021; 69(12): 3623
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
12 Development and validation of competency framework for teaching management of refractive errors: A participatory Delphi approach
Vidyut Rajhans, RameshS Ve, CirajAli Mohammad, Sumita Rege
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2021; 69(12): 3690
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
13 Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on eye strain and dry eye symptoms
Ian J. Saldanha, Rebecca Petris, Matthew Makara, Prabjot Channa, Esen K. Akpek
The Ocular Surface. 2021; 22: 38
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
14 Demonstration of the relationship between MSD and online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic
Kochu Therisa Karingada, Michael Sony
Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education. 2021; ahead-of-p(ahead-of-p)
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
15 Eyestrain and associated problems among undergraduate medical students undergoing e-learning/teaching methods during Covid-19 pandemic
C V Anthrayose, Aqueen Joju, Rakendu Puthiyedath, Niya Babu, Ann Reshma Rajan
Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology. 2021; 7(2): 308
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
16 IMPACT OF ONLINE CLASSES ON THE HEALTH AND WELLBEING OF YOUNG LEARNERS
Rahul Sawhney , Pranvat Singh, Govind Agarwal, Shashank Sharma, Dhanush B, Manali Karmakar
Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews. 2021; 9(4): 175
[Pubmed] | [DOI]
17 Investigation of the effect of online education on eye health in Covid-19 pandemic
Hüseyin KAYA
International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education. 2020; : 488
[Pubmed] | [DOI]



 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

 
  In this article
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed7970    
    Printed34    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded745    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 17    

Recommend this journal