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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-13

Artificial intelligence in ophthalmology and healthcare: An updated review of the techniques in use


1 Ophthalmologist I/C, Narela Polyclinic and Health Complex, Delhi, India
2 Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ojasvini Bali
55-D, Third Floor, DDA Flats, Kalidas Road, Gulabibagh, Delhi - 110 007
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1848_19

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Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to “the ability of a digital machine or computer to accomplish tasks that traditionally have required human intelligence.” These days, artificial intelligence is becoming popular in healthcare and more so in ophthalmology. It has shown promising results in diabetic retinopathy detection and referral. Recently, Indian data has depicted that the new algorithms can be generalized to the Indian population as well. An increased understanding of the tools is required especially by the practitioners and medical researchers so that they can contribute meaningfully to the development of the technology and not become mere data providers and data labelers. While AI is extensively being used by finance, marketing and travel industry, its application is more recent in medicine. The applications based on artificial intelligence have the potential to benefit all stakeholders in the healthcare industry.


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