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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 510-516

Chemical disinfectants in ophthalmic practice


Consultant, Shreeji Eye Clinic and Palak's Glaucoma Care Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajul S Parikh
Shreeji Eye Clinic and Palak's Glacuoma Care Centre, Samrat Bldg, Andheri (E), Mumbai - 400 069, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1549_20

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The instrumentation used in ophthalmic clinics can be a source of epidemics in health care set up. Contact tonometry with Schiotz or Applanation tonometer is associated with nosocomial epidemic keratoconjunctivitis outbreaks. Recently identified SARS-CoV-2 (COVID -19) spreads mainly via the respiratory route and fomites and can transmit through other body fluids, including tear film. Various ophthalmic instruments can become a common source of spreading cross infections. Chemical disinfection is one of the most common methods employed to decontaminate instruments and environmental surfaces and prevent transmission of infectious pathogens to patients through medical and surgical instruments. Various chemical disinfectants are available with a varied spectrum to work on a different group of organisms. In this article, we briefly cover commonly used chemical disinfectants in ophthalmic practice like Alcohol (Ethyl Alcohol, Isopropyl Alcohol), Chlorine-based solution (mainly Sodium Hypochlorite), Glutaraldehyde, Hydrogen Peroxide, Formaldehyde, Iodophors, and Quaternary Ammonium Compounds


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