|LETTER TO THE EDITOR
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 1014-1015
The yield of diabetic retinopathy screening in patients with long-standing diabetes
Geetha Kumar1, Saranya Velu1, Sinnakaruppan Mathavan2, Rajiv Raman1
1 Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Vision Research Foundation, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
|Date of Web Publication||16-Mar-2021|
Dr. Rajiv Raman
Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, 41 College Road, Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Kumar G, Velu S, Mathavan S, Raman R. The yield of diabetic retinopathy screening in patients with long-standing diabetes. Indian J Ophthalmol 2021;69:1014-5
|How to cite this URL:|
Kumar G, Velu S, Mathavan S, Raman R. The yield of diabetic retinopathy screening in patients with long-standing diabetes. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2021 [cited 2023 Jan 29];69:1014-5. Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2021/69/4/1014/311260
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common microvascular ocular complication of diabetes due to prolonged uncontrolled hyperglycemia. The population-based studies in India reported a prevalence of DR were 18% and 10% in urban and rural areas respectively., Nearly 50-70% of DR related visual complications can be prevented by timely screening and intervention. To improve the yield of DR screening, we did a targeted DR screening camp for people diagnosed as diabetes for at least more than 10 years. We planned to reward people who despite a longer duration of diabetes didn't have any DR by a certificate and medal, few were asked to share their views on practices they followed to control diabetes [Figure 1]. The announcement for screening was made to public with the help of social media and by other modes [Figure 2]. Nearly 84 people participated in the screening. The average age was 66.47 ± 10.77 years of which 66 (68.57%) were males. The mean duration of diabetes was 16.96 ± 9.12 years. Of the people who came for screening, 70 (85.36%) people were identified with normal fundus.
People with no DR were asked to share about the measures they take in their life. Majority reported following a diabetes diet, medicines on time, followed by regular exercise like walking and yoga as a reason for good glycemic control. Few selective quotes are mentioned below.
- “Doing exercise will prevent the early onset of diabetes for the younger age people”.
- “I feel the reason for onset of diabetes is life style changes and food habits apart from genetic factors. I maintain my diabetes under control by regular walking and following diet”.
Best means of communication to reach target population seems to be SMS messaging and word of mouth by a known person. A component of reward motivates them to continue their good glycemic control.
Financial support and sponsorship
This study was supported by the Lions Club International Foundation (SFP2050/UND).
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]