Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

ARTICLES
Year
: 1983  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 1013--1015

Renal function in diabetic retinopathy


SR Khasgiwala 
 14, Kanchan Bagh, South Tukoganj, Indore, India

Correspondence Address:
S R Khasgiwala
14, Kanchan Bagh, South Tukogauj, Indore
India




How to cite this article:
Khasgiwala S R. Renal function in diabetic retinopathy.Indian J Ophthalmol 1983;31:1013-1015


How to cite this URL:
Khasgiwala S R. Renal function in diabetic retinopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1983 [cited 2021 Sep 28 ];31:1013-1015
Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?1983/31/7/1013/29732


Full Text

Diabetic retinopathy may be simple or poliferative. It would be interesting to find out relationship of kidney damage to type of retinopathy. It is with this background that this study was undertaken in which the retinopathy and renal functions biochemistry have been studied. This preliminary study may explain why controlled cases of diabetes may also develop retinopathy as if this is due to some hypertension and kidney damage.

This paper presents preliminary studywith follow up of 2 years which is a very short dura­tion to co-relate the findings and emphasise them.

 MATERIALS AND METHODS



217 cases of established Diabetes of more than 4 years duration maximum duration 30 years, are taken in this study. All the cases were on regular antidiabetic treatment, but not necessarily controlled. Regular blood pre­ssure was also recorded on each visit. Fasting blood sugar was the only criteria for con­trolled or uncontrolled patients. Urine sugar and albunim was also regularly examined at 3 months interval. Urea and creatinine was estimated in only those cases where albumin was present.

All the patients were divided in two age groups as per the first detection of diabetes i.e; below 40 years & above 40 years.

Conclusions

1. Males are thrice more commonly hav­ing diabetes

2. Juvenile diabetes was mostly found in males.

3. 68% of the patients had their blood sugar level 130 mgm to 160 mgm% inspite of treatment.

4. In retinopathy cases also blood sugar in most of the cases was between 130 to 160 mgm% group.

5. Retinopathy was seen in 33% males.

6. Retinopathy was 59% below the age group of 40 yrs.

7. More than 50% of retinopathy was prol­iferative.

8. Retinopathy was twice more common in hypertensives.

9. Albumin in urine was more commonly present in under 40 years of age group.

10. Albumin-urea was common in pro­liferative retinopathy.