Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

: 1991  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 112--114

Study of primary convergence insufficiency

Shreerang B Deshpande, RK Ghosh 
 Department of Ophthalmology, Bombay Hospital, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Shreerang B Deshpande
Department of Ophthalmology, Bombay Hospital, Mumbai

The present study was done to find out the incidence of primary insufficiency of involuntary convergence and evaluate the relative efficacy of synoptophore treatment against home exercise in its management. During the period of study, 2162 cases in the age group 15 to 35 years were studied for convergence in detail. It was found out that the incidence of primary convergence insufficiency is quite high (7.7% of total orthoptic clinic attendance). It commonly affects those who are constantly engaged in near work. Response to synoptophore exercises and home exercises is comparably equal. Recurrence of the ailment after stopping the exercises is not uncommon.

How to cite this article:
Deshpande SB, Ghosh R K. Study of primary convergence insufficiency.Indian J Ophthalmol 1991;39:112-114

How to cite this URL:
Deshpande SB, Ghosh R K. Study of primary convergence insufficiency. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1991 [cited 2022 May 19 ];39:112-114
Available from:;year=1991;volume=39;issue=3;spage=112;epage=114;aulast=Deshpande;type=0