Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 1995  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 123--126

The incidence of retinopathy of prematurity in a neonatal care unit


Rohit Charan1, MR Dogra1, Amod Gupta1, Anil Narang2 
1 Departments of Ophthalmology Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh., India
2 Department of Neonatology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh., India

Correspondence Address:
M R Dogra
Department of Ophthalmology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh 160 012
India

In India, with advancement in neonatal care units, a large number of low-birth weight premature babies are now surviving and are at risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). However, there are not enough reports on the incidence of ROP in this country. To determine the incidence of ROP in a prospective manner, 165 babies weighing ≤ 1700 gm over a period of one year were examined. An incidence of 47.27% of ROP at the mean age of 7.21 0.3 weeks of life was detected. The maximum stage reached was stage 1 in 28 (16.97%), stage 2 in 29 (17.58%), stage 3 in 19 (11.52%) and stage 4b in 2 (1.21%) babies. Plus disease was present in 17 (10.3%) babies. Babies with lower birth weights and lower gestation age at birth had a significantly higher (p = < 0.05) incidence of ROP. However, the difference in mean birth weight and gestation age at birth for various stages of ROP was not significant (p = > 0.05). Thus, we recommend screening for all babies weighing ≤ 1700 gm.


How to cite this article:
Charan R, Dogra M R, Gupta A, Narang A. The incidence of retinopathy of prematurity in a neonatal care unit.Indian J Ophthalmol 1995;43:123-126


How to cite this URL:
Charan R, Dogra M R, Gupta A, Narang A. The incidence of retinopathy of prematurity in a neonatal care unit. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 1995 [cited 2022 Oct 4 ];43:123-126
Available from: https://www.ijo.in/article.asp?issn=0301-4738;year=1995;volume=43;issue=3;spage=123;epage=126;aulast=Charan;type=0