Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2009  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 437--442

Evaluation of «SQ»vision screening«SQ» program for three to six-year-old children in the Republic of Iran


Rajiv Khandekar1, Noa Parast2, Ashraf Arabi2 
1 Ophthalmologist and Epidemiologist, Low Vision Care expert, Advisor, Eye and Ear Health care, Ministry of Health, Oman
2 Welfare Organization, Tehran, Republic of Iran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Rajiv Khandekar
Ministry of Health, P.O.B: 393, 113, Muscat
Oman

Background : Since 1996, vision screening of three to six-year-old children is conducted every year in Iran. We present outcomes of project review held in August 2006. Materials and Methods : Kindergarten teachers examined vision by using Snellen«SQ»s illiterate «SQ»E«SQ» chart. They used torchlight to detect strabismus. On a repeat test, if either eye had vision <20/30, the child was referred to the optometrist. A pediatric ophthalmologist examined and managed children with strabismus or amblyopia. Provincial managers supervised the screening program. The evaluator team assessed the coverage, yield, quality and feasibility, and cost-effectiveness of vision screening, as well as magnitude of amblyopia, and its risk factors. Result : In 2005, 1.4 million (67%) children were examined in all provinces of Iran. Opticians examined 90,319 (61%) children with defective vision that were referred to them. The prevalence of uncorrected refractive error, strabismus and amblyopia was 3.82% (95% CI 3.79 - 3.85), 0.39% (95% CI 0.38 - 0.40) and 1.25% (95% CI 1.24 - 1.26) respectively. Validity test of 7,768 children had a sensitivity of 74.5% (95% CI 72.7 - 76.3) and specificity of 97.2% (95% CI 96.7 - 97.7). The cost of amblyopia screening was US $ 1.5 per child. While the cost of screening and treating one child with amblyopia was US $ 245. Conclusion : A review of the vision screening of children in Iran showed it with screening and useful exercise and had a yield of 1:21. The coverage of vision screening was low and the management of children with amblyopia, low vision and refractive error needed strengthening.


How to cite this article:
Khandekar R, Parast N, Arabi A. Evaluation of 'vision screening' program for three to six-year-old children in the Republic of Iran.Indian J Ophthalmol 2009;57:437-442


How to cite this URL:
Khandekar R, Parast N, Arabi A. Evaluation of 'vision screening' program for three to six-year-old children in the Republic of Iran. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2009 [cited 2024 Feb 28 ];57:437-442
Available from: https://journals.lww.com/ijo/pages/default.aspx/article.asp?issn=0301-4738;year=2009;volume=57;issue=6;spage=437;epage=442;aulast=Khandekar;type=0