Indian Journal of Ophthalmology

PHOTO ESSAY
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 2227--2228

Kill with cold


Maithili Mishra, Rajesh Ramanjulu, Mahesh Shanmugam, Divyansh Mishra 
 Department of Vitreretina and Ocular Oncology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Maithili Mishra
Sankara Eye Hospital, Kundalahalli, Varthur Road, Bengaluru- 560 037, Karnataka
India

Abstract




How to cite this article:
Mishra M, Ramanjulu R, Shanmugam M, Mishra D. Kill with cold.Indian J Ophthalmol 2020;68:2227-2228


How to cite this URL:
Mishra M, Ramanjulu R, Shanmugam M, Mishra D. Kill with cold. Indian J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 27 ];68:2227-2228
Available from: https://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2020/68/10/2227/295761


Full Text



We describe 2 cases of fungal ciliary body granuloma, and its effective management.

Case 1: A 13-year-old boy, post corneal tear repair presented with endophthalmitis with superior ciliary body granuloma [Figure 1]. Though pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with amphotericin-B cleared the vitreous, the granuloma persisted. Systemic fluconazole 50 mg BD (3 weeks) had no effect. Microbiologically it was dematiaceous fungi.[1] Triple freeze thaw cryotherapy was applied under direct visualization excluding iris or the retinal surface. Patient showed a good response with complete regression in 3 days [Figure 2]. He underwent secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/80 after 8 weeks.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

Case 2: A 36-year-old lady of 6 weeks postpartum, presented with the features suggestive of endogenous endophthalmitis. She underwent PPV and was found to have retinal detachments (RD) with subretinal exudates and a large granuloma arising from the ciliary body with posterior extension [Figure 3]. Laser around necrotic areas with silicon oil infusion was done to reattach the retina. Though the vitreous aspirate had a negative yield, we continued systemic antifungal (voriconazole 200 mg BD × 2 weeks) in view of clinical profile.[2],[3] Since her ocular condition deteriorated with enlarging granuloma, triple freeze thaw cryotherapy was applied directly over the granuloma. The lesion regressed completely. Visual rehabilitation with scleral fixated intraocular lens (SFIOL) was done 3 months later with a BCVA of 20/200.{Figure 3}

 Discussion



The fungal infection of the eye, particularly of the posterior segment is difficult to treat. They usually follow a relapsing course with recurring infiltration and exudates, ultimately leading to phthisis bulbi. Cryotherapy has been previously mentioned in literature as salvage therapy for resistant fungal infiltrates of anterior segment and transplanted cornea.[4],[5],[6],[7],[8] We similarly applied cryo probe for 8 to 10 s [Figure 4] and [Figure 5] and allowed it to thaw for 1 whole min before refreezing. In conclusion, fungal granuloma of the ciliary body can be safely and effectively treated with triple freeze thawing.{Figure 4}{Figure 5}

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

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