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   1992| October-December  | Volume 40 | Issue 4  
 
 
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Expulsive choroidal haemorrhage
M Srinivasan
October-December 1992, 40(4):100-102
PMID:1300298
Expulsive choroidal haemorrhage is a dramatic and serious complication of cataract surgery that occurred in five patients out of ten thousand consecutive cataract surgeries performed by the author during the year 1989 and 1990. Report about this dreaded complication after cataract surgery are scanty and as far as I can remember I have not seen any report in Indian ophthalmic literature recently. Since cataract surgery forms the major part of intra ocular surgeries performed in our country, I thought it would be appropriate to report about this rare complication which may occur to all of us. Out of five cases 3 were males and 2 were females in the age group ranging between 45-72 years. Two eyes regained vision up to 6/12 after intra operative expulsive haemorrhage. All the eyes were salvaged by doing anterior sclerotomy. Diabetes, hypertension, glaucoma and myopia are the commonest predisposing factors.
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Subconjunctival total excision in the treatment of chronic chalazia
Somdutt Prasad, AK Gupta
October-December 1992, 40(4):103-105
PMID:1300299
A technique of subconjunctival total excision was used to treat 34 chronic chalazia. Another 34 were treated by incision and curettage and a further 32 by intralesional injection of long acting steroid. Subconjunctival total excision showed a higher success rate (94.12%) compared to the incision and curettage group (76.47%) and the injection group (75%). As the difference was statistically significant and due to other advantages we recommend subconjunctival total excision as a primary approach in the treatment of chronic chalazia.
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Compendium of dietary sources of vitamin A in the Thar desert
Sanjiv Desai, Rajiv Desai, Navin Desai
October-December 1992, 40(4):106-108
PMID:1300300
The undisputed long term solution to prevent nutritional blindness lies in changing the dietary habits of a given population through nutritional education, nutritional supplementation, and nutritional rehabilitation. Before such strategies can be successfully implemented, it becomes necessary to study the existing dietary pattern of the population and to identify locally grown foods rich in vitamin A. Seventy eight rural women were interviewed to determine the common dietary items in western Rajasthan. These items were then matched with their B-carotene contents, only to discover that, 100 grams of any of them would not provide the RDA for a 1-3 year old child, with the exception of Suva (Peucedanum graveolens) and Bathua (Chenopodium album) leaves. The B-Carotene contents of several food items is unknown at present and there is an urgent need to evaluate them.
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CASE REPORT
Unusual presentation of lacrimal gland tumours
J Singh, MS Boparai, KA Ahmed
October-December 1992, 40(4):118-121
PMID:1338630
The diagnosis of orbital tumour is a challenge to the ophthalmologist. The aim of this paper is to highlight the unusual presentation of lacrimal gland tumours.
  4,492 0 -
Acanthamoeba keratitis-A report of two cases
T Girija, R Kumari, M Gurudath Kamath, Rama Ramani, Rama Mohan, PG Shivananda
October-December 1992, 40(4):124-125
PMID:1300304
Two cases of unilateral corneal ulcers caused by Acanthamoeba are reported. Neither of the patients had contact lenses at any time. The diagnosis was confirmed by Giemsa stain and cultures of the corneal scrapings.
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Preoperative topical flurbiprofen-Na+ in extracapsular lens extraction role in maintaining intraoperative pupillary dilatation
KP Chaudhary, BK Sofat
October-December 1992, 40(4):109-114
PMID:1300301
Induction of intraoperative pupillary constriction, is predominantly a prostaglandin mediated process. The most potent antiprostaglandin NSAID, Flurbiprofen was used topically to study its efficacy against the above. In a prospective double blind clinical study, 50 brown eyes undergoing planned E.C.C.E., the pupils were dilated with 10% phenylephrine and 2% homatropine 1%/tropicamide. 25 eyes received 0.03% Flurbiprofen-Na+ eye drops 1/2 hourly starting two hours before surgery. The maintained intraoperative mydriasis in the two groups before anterior chamber entry (stage I) vs at the end of complete cortex wash (stage III) was: in control group (stage I) 8.46 +/- 0.48 mm vs (stage III) 3.56 +/- 0.43 mm (highly SS); in flurbiprofen group (stage I) 8.60 +/- 0.48 mm vs (stage III) 8.01 +/- 0.63 mm (NSS). The pupillary area available for surgical manipulation in the control group was significantly decreased from 56.18 mm2 in state I to 9.94 mm2 in stage III, while in flurbiprofen group it changed insignificantly from 58.05 mm2 in stage I to 50.24 mm2 in stage III. Postoperatively after cataract was observed in 44% eyes of control group as compared to only 8% of eyes of flurbiprofen group. Thus a maintained intraoperative mydriasis in flurbiprofen group led to better E.C.L.E. which is a mandatory prerequisite to preferred and better present day posterior chamber IOL implantation.
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CASE REPORT
Aniridia-Wilms' tumour syndrome-A case report
MS Vidyasagar, Sudha V Sagar, Girija R Kumar, PLNG Rao
October-December 1992, 40(4):122-123
PMID:1338631
Wilms' tumour is rarely associated with sporadic non-familial congenital aniridia. A child with sporadic aniridia has a 25% chance of subsequently developing Wilms' tumour. Unawareness of this association can lead to a delayed diagnosis of Wilms' tumour. One such case in a 2 year old is reported. Wilms' tumour, one of the common childhood malignancies, is associated with other congenital anomalies in about 15% of cases. These include hemihypertrophy, genitourinary abnormalities, mental retardation, aniridia etc. Sporadic non-familial aniridia was noted in only 1.1% of 547 children with Wilms' tumours evaluated by the National Wilms' Tumour study group. Unawareness on the part of a clinician about these associated anomalies can lead to an avoidable delay in diagnosing Wilms' tumour. One such case in a two year old girl is being reported.
  3,327 0 -
Eltroxin induced pseudotumour cerebri-A case report
Madhumati Misra, GM Khan, Sanatan Rath
October-December 1992, 40(4):117-117
PMID:1300303
  3,089 0 -
Ipsilateral Coat's reaction in the eye of a child withen coup de sabre morphoea-A case report
AS Neki, A Sharma
October-December 1992, 40(4):115-116
PMID:1300302
A female child with post-traumatic en coup de sabre type of morphoea (fronto-parietal circumscribed scleroderma) involving the left side of the forehead and face, who developed a Coat's disease-like fundus picture over the following two years, is being reported.
  2,889 0 -
EDITORIAL
Expulsive haemorrhage
Noel Moniz
October-December 1992, 40(4):99-99
PMID:1300305
  2,511 0 -