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   1995| July-September  | Volume 43 | Issue 3  
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Postsurgical endophthalmitis: Diagnosis and management
Taraprasad Das, Mangat R Dogra, Lingam Gopal, Subhadra Jalali, Atul Kumar, Anupam Malpani, S Natarajan, B Rajeev, Savitri Sharma
July-September 1995, 43(3):103-116
Infectious endophthalmitis following intraocular surgery is a complication that could cause severe visual loss or loss of the eye. The categorisation of the event that led to intraocular infection will help the clinician to predict the infectious agent and begin appropriate therapy. Most of the cases of postsurgical endophthalmitis are seen following cataract surgery. It is important for all ophthalmologists, irrespective of specialisation and areas of interest,to be familiar with the management of endophthalmitis. This review briefly describes the facets of clinical and laboratory diagnosis, pathology, and management. While the different viewpoints in the management of endophthalmitis are mentioned in appropriate places, more attention is paid to present a rational approach to the management of endophthalmitis.
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The incidence of retinopathy of prematurity in a neonatal care unit
Rohit Charan, MR Dogra, Amod Gupta, Anil Narang
July-September 1995, 43(3):123-126
In India, with advancement in neonatal care units, a large number of low-birth weight premature babies are now surviving and are at risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). However, there are not enough reports on the incidence of ROP in this country. To determine the incidence of ROP in a prospective manner, 165 babies weighing ≤ 1700 gm over a period of one year were examined. An incidence of 47.27% of ROP at the mean age of 7.21 0.3 weeks of life was detected. The maximum stage reached was stage 1 in 28 (16.97%), stage 2 in 29 (17.58%), stage 3 in 19 (11.52%) and stage 4b in 2 (1.21%) babies. Plus disease was present in 17 (10.3%) babies. Babies with lower birth weights and lower gestation age at birth had a significantly higher (p = < 0.05) incidence of ROP. However, the difference in mean birth weight and gestation age at birth for various stages of ROP was not significant (p = > 0.05). Thus, we recommend screening for all babies weighing ≤ 1700 gm.
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Community eye care: Experiences in pilot projects in Basti and Salem Districts
Raj Kumar, P Bandyopadhyaya, JJ Limburg
July-September 1995, 43(3):143-149
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Pattern of uveitis in a referral uveitis clinic in India
Debashis Das, Jyotirmay Biswas, Sudha K Ganesh
July-September 1995, 43(3):117-121
The pattern of uveitis changes over time with the emergence or identification of new uveitic entities. The aim of this prospective study was to obtain a correct incidence pattern and aetiology of uveitis cases seen in a uveitis clinic. We studied all new uveitic cases seen in a-one year period. A standard clinical protocol was followed for each case. Of the 465 new uveitic cases, anterior uveitis was most commonly encountered (170 cases, 36.5%), followed by posterior uveitis (132 cases, 28.4%), intermediate uveitis (92 cases, 19.8%) and panuveitis (71 cases, 15.3%). The aetiology remained undetermined in majority of the cases (58.7%): anterior uveitis (48.8%), posterior uveitis (45.45%), panuveitis (53.52%). The most common cause was collagen disease (29.4%) in anterior uveitis; toxoplasmosis (30.3%) in posterior uveitis; and Vogt-Koyanagi Harada's disease (25.35%) in panuveitis.
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Visual status in suprasellar pituitary tumours
Apjit Kaur, Deepu Banerji, Devendra Kumar, Kartikey Sharma
July-September 1995, 43(3):131-134
A retrospective analysis of 29 cases of pituitary tumours with suprasellar extension that had undergone surgery by transsphenoidal or transcranial route, was done. The correlation between age, duration of symptoms, pre-and postoperative visual acuity, visual field and suprasellar height of the tumour were analyzed. The age and duration of visual loss were found to have a bearing on the final postoperative visual outcome.
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Relative afferent pupillary defect and edge light pupil cycle time in the early differentiation of central retinal vein occlusion
Vimala Menon, Nachiketa , Atul Kumar
July-September 1995, 43(3):127-130
A total of 37 patients of unilateral fresh central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) of less than one month duration were examined and re-evaluated after 8 weeks. All eyes with relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) ≤0.6 log units with edge light pupil cycle time (ELPCT) of 925 94 ms, visual acuity ≥ 6/60 with minimal field defects proved to be of nonischemic CRVO, while eyes with RAPD ≥ 0.9 log units with ELPCT of 4005 712 ms, visual acuity 3/60 with marked field defects proved to be of ischemic CRVO with evidence of retinal ischemia on fluorescein angiography. RAPD and ELPCT were found to be extremely reliable indicators for early differentiation of ischemic from nonischemic CRVO and the values remained stable over a period of time. The electroretinography (ERG) correlated well with these parameters.
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Childhood myasthenia gravis in a toddler
SG Jaison, Alexander P Abraham
July-September 1995, 43(3):136-137
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Malignant melanoma of the choroid in association with oculodermal melanocytosis: A case report
Jyotirmay Biswas, Mahesh P Shanmugam, Lingam Gopal
July-September 1995, 43(3):140-141
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Freely mobile cysticercus in the anterior chamber
RSD Sachdeva, SK Manchanda, S Abrol, SC Wadhwa, KA Ramachandran
July-September 1995, 43(3):135-136
  3,082 4 6
Adenoma of nonpigmented epithelium of the ciliary body presenting as anterior uveitis and glaucoma: A case report
Jyotirmay Biswas, Arvind Neelakantan, B Sridhar Rao
July-September 1995, 43(3):137-140
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Quality eye care: What does it mean?
Gullapalli N Rao
July-September 1995, 43(3):101-101
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