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   1996| January-March  | Volume 44 | Issue 1  
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Donor corneal tissue evaluation
Jagjit S Saini, Madhukar K Reddy, Savitri Sharma, Sangeeta Wagh
January-March 1996, 44(1):3-13
Proper evaluation of donor cornea is critical to the success of corneal transplantation. Attention must be paid to the cause of death and ocular condition as several general and ocular diseases constitute contraindications for donor corneal usage. Death to enucleation time should be noted. Gross examination and slit lamp biomicroscopy are mandatory for the evaluation of the donor eye while specular microscopy adds another useful dimension to information regarding donor cornea. This article provides a comprehensive review of all the aspects of donor corneal evaluation as practised today worldwide.
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What is eye banking?
Gullapalli N Rao
January-March 1996, 44(1):1-2
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Perspectives in eye banking
Jagjit S Saini, Madhukar K Reddy, AK Jain, MS Ravindra, Sameera Jhaveria, Lalitha Raghuram
January-March 1996, 44(1):47-55
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Gram negative bacteria and contact lens induced acute red eye
Padmaja R Sankaridurg, Nagesh Vuppala, Athmanathan Sreedharan, Jyothi Vadlamudi, Gullapalli N Roa
January-March 1996, 44(1):29-32
Two patients using hydrogel contact lenses on a daily wear schedule slept overnight with the lenses and woke up with a Contact Lens Induced Acute Red Eye (CLARE). The contact lenses recovered aseptically at the time of the event grew significant colonies of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aeromonas hydrophila in patient A and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia liquefaciens from patient B. Similar organisams from the contact lenses were recovered from the lens case and lens care solutions of patient B. In both the patients the condition resolved on discontinuation of lens wear. Patient compliance as a requirement for successful contact lens wear is highlighted with the illustration of these cases.
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Bilateral and multifocal generalized eruptions in herpes zoster ophthalmicus: Case report
Rajiv Nath
January-March 1996, 44(1):40-42
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Childhood blindness in India and Sri Lanka
Allen Foster
January-March 1996, 44(1):57-60
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Cyanoacrylate adhesive with conjunctival resection and superficial keratectomy in mooren's ulcer
Vinay Agrawal, Aashish Kumar, Virender Sangwan, Gullapalli N Rao
January-March 1996, 44(1):23-27
Seventeen eyes of thirteen patients with Mooren's ulcer were treated with a combination therapy of local and systemic steroids, conjunctival resection, superficial keratectomy and application of cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive. The pathology was classified as acute, subacute and chronic. Ulcers were graded based on the extent of corneal thinning, degree and extent of ulceration, and amount of inflammation. Fourteen eyes (82.4%) healed completely with formation of a vascularised scars, while three eyes (17.6%) failed to respond to treatment and either went into phthisis bulbi or healed with gross tissue distortion. Our study suggests an early intervention of this therapy with cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive application for effective control of Mooren's ulceration.
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Changes in the corneal Na-K ATPase levels in eyes stored in moist chamber at 4C
B Devi, SM Hasany, PK Basu
January-March 1996, 44(1):15-18
This report deals with a chronological measurement of Na-K ATPase enzyme activity in human and bovine corneas stored in a moist chamber at 4C. Paired human and bovine eyes were sterilized by the standard eye bank procedure and stored up to 6 days. At the desired time, the corneal endothelium was assayed for Na-K ATPase activity. The protein content of each tissue sample was also determined. In a parallel set of experiments, the viability of identical stored corneas was determined by trypan blue and alizarin red staining technique, and morphometric analysis was done to quantify the extent of the corneal endothelial damage. The human corneas showed that there was a significant progressive decrease in the Na-K ATPase activity as the storage time increased. The decrease was related to morphological endothelial damage.
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Conjunctival transplantation for corneal surface reconstruction - case reports and review of literature
Alkesh Sanghvi, Surendra Basti
January-March 1996, 44(1):33-38
Corneal persistent epithelial defects (PED) can occur due to various causes. In diffuse ocular surface disease, they often occur secondary to depletion of limbal stem cells. A number of complications occur secondary to PED and successful treatment usually requires conjunctival surgeries for corneal surface reconstruction. We report two cases of chemical injury successfully treated by two such procedures. This report highlights the encouraging results of limbal transplantation and reviews the literature in the management of PED with limbal stem cell loss.
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Pyogenic granuloma of cornea: A case report
Sathish Srinivasan, N Venkatesh Prajna, M Srinivasan
January-March 1996, 44(1):39-40
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An epidemic of viral acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis in Delhi in 1994
Gita Satpathy, Sujata Mohanty, Niranjan Nayak
January-March 1996, 44(1):19-21
An epidemic of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis affecting persons of all ages and both sexes occurred in Delhi and surrounding areas during the monsoon season of 1994. The symptoms lasted on an average for 4-5 days. In some of the patients corneal involvement was observed. Conjunctival swabs from the affected patients were processed for viral antigen detection, virus isolation and bacterial culture and sensitivity. Viral antigen was detected in 62% (31/50) of the smears tested by indirect immunofluorescence assay. In 22 (44%) of the specimens Coxackie A 24 (Cox A 24) virus antigen and in 9 (18%) of the specimens Entero Virus 70 (EV 70) antigen were detected. In confluent monolayers of Hep 2 cells cytopathic virus was isolated in 10 (30.30%) of the 33 specimens processed. The isolated viruses were identified as either Cox A 24 (7 isolates) or EV 70 (3 isolates) using indirect immunofluorescence assay. Super added bacterial infection was observed in 33% (89/270) of the cases, Staphylococcus albus being the predominant bacteria isolated.
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Expulsive haemorrhage in a case of thrombocytopenic purpura
M Srinivasan, Arup Chakrabarti, Meena Chakrabarti.
January-March 1996, 44(1):44-45
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Goldenhar syndrome with multiple additional anomalies
SG Jaison, Nitin Batra
January-March 1996, 44(1):42-44
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